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The republic by Plato
Plato is correct in his assertion that the soul of a man never becomes completely old. He also correctly states that as men grow older they become more attached to their possessions and less willing to part with them. However, I disagree with Plato regarding his definition of justice. A just society would be one where there is an even distribution of resources among all members equally without regard for age or social status.
Plato states that a just society is one where all members are equal in their rights and duties. However, I disagree with this statement of Plato's because it implies an equality among men that does not exist.
Plato claims that a just man will be one who, in his youth uses his strength and courage to gain power over others. He goes on to say that when the man becomes old he must voluntarily surrender this power to those who were previously subject to him. This is an attractive ideal of justice however it does not take into consideration the fact that some men are born with greater natural ability than others.
In Plato's Republic, Socrates discusses two different types of government. He names the best form of government a 'kingship' and the other type a 'democracy.' I agree that in order to have a just society one must have justice within their own state however it is not enough simply to establish laws for your citizens. It is also necessary for all members to be able to converse freely among themselves so that they may discuss issues regarding public welfare.
Plato also has many wise things to say regarding the education of children. He correctly states that it is important to train a child's mind at an early age so as to prevent any possibility of his being immoral in his adulthood.
Plato is also correct in his assertion that a good society should not limit the education of children to the simple reading and writing skills. Plato goes on to say that he believes it would be ideal if all citizens were taught music, gymnastics, and philosophy.